- "And for these crimes, you have been sentenced to be, on this day, hung by the neck until dead. May God have mercy to your soul."
- ―Port Royal clerk
A hanging was the lethal suspension of a person by a ligature. In this sense, a hanging was specifically to put to death by suspension by the neck, though it also referred to crucifixion and death by impalement in which the body would remain "hanging". Hanging has been a common method of capital punishment since medieval times, and was the official execution method some areas of the world.
The convict stood with a rope around his neck on a trapdoor which was suddenly opened or on a chair or barrel which was kicked away, so that he fell down and the rope broke his neck and/or strangulated him. The corpses of the executed were often hanged on a gibbet at the coast as a warning for other criminals.
This form of punishment was widely used for punishing pirates in the Age of Piracy. In 1718, after the battle of Ocracoke Inlet, the surviving members of Blackbeard's crew were hanged in Williamsburg, Virginia. In 1720, the infamous pirate Calico Jack Rackham and his crew were captured by the British privateers on a pirate hunting mission. They were all taken to Jamaica for trial, where they were all sentenced to hang. At some point before the late 1720s, the pirate known as Sven the Vicious was captured by the British and hanged in Port Royal.
The infamous pirate Captain Jack Sparrow was sentenced to hang although he had committed some good deed, such as saving Governor Weatherby Swann's daughter Elizabeth as well as taking part in the mission to save Will Turner and capture the cursed crew. Though Jack was close to his death sentence at Fort Charles, Will Turner helped Jack escape his fate. This act would backfire when Lord Cutler Beckett arrested Will and Elizabeth about a year later, condemning them to death by a hanging.
After gaining possession of the heart of Davy Jones, Lord Beckett would lead a mass execution of numerous pirates and pirate associates, in which they would hang before singing Hoist the Colours. Several years later, an English girl would mistook a pirate's trial at the Old Bailey courthouse for a hanging as she walked with her father. On the very same day, former pirate and privateer Hector Barbossa would threaten to hang Joshamee Gibbs unless if he would offer anything to them for their search for the Fountain of Youth.
- Jack Sparrow: The Pirate Chase (Mentioned only)
- Jack Sparrow: Sins of the Father (Mentioned only)
- Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (First appearance)
- Pirates of the Caribbean: The Legend of Jack Sparrow
- Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (Mentioned only)
- Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End
- Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides
- Pirates of the Caribbean (film series)
- Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides: The Visual Guide