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George I of Great Britain

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For other uses, see King George (disambiguation)
KingGeorge
George I
Biographical information
Gender

Male

Ethnic group

German

Born

1660

Died

1727

Family

Sophia Dorothea of Celle (wife)
George II of Great Britain (son)

Title(s)

King of Great Britain and Ireland
Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg
Prince elector of the Holy Roman Empire

Statistics
Affiliation

British Empire
Great Britain

Behind the scenes
First appearance

The Price of Freedom (Mentioned only)

Latest appearance

The Price of Freedom (Mentioned only)

.
"So you'd like to see the world, eh? Well, Cutler, if you were Jonathan Junior, or Bartholomew, strong, tall, strapping lads, I could purchase you a good commission in the service of the king. But I think you'll agree that that's not a practical idea, Cutler."
Jonathan Beckett Sr. to Cutler Beckett[src]

George I (George Louis; German: Georg Ludwig; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 until his death, and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698. He was also the father of George Augustus.

Biography

George was born in Hanover, and inherited the titles and lands of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg from his father and uncles. A succession of European wars expanded his German domains during his lifetime, and in 1708 he was ratified as prince-elector of Hanover. At the age of 54, after the death of Queen Anne of Great Britain, George ascended the British throne as the first monarch of the House of Hanover. Although over fifty Roman Catholics bore closer blood relationships to Anne, the Act of Settlement 1701 prohibited Catholics from inheriting the British throne. George, however, was Anne's closest living Protestant relative. In reaction, Jacobites attempted to depose George and replace him with Anne's Catholic half-brother, James Francis Edward Stuart, but their attempts failed.

During his reign as king, George I made St. James's Palace his primary headquarters and residence. His son, George II, was given London's Leicester House as his primary royal London residence by George I himself, and was forbidden from returning to St. James's Palace, due to the many clashes between them.

During the Queen Anne's War, George I dispensed many privateers to raid Spanish merchant shipping[1], but his decision to withdraw all Letters of Marque when the war ended, forced many of them (particularly Edward Teach) to turn to piracy. Though the King's representative Woodes Rogers offered a Pardon to the pirates of Nassau in 1718, many of them continued with their piratical activities in the Caribbean.

During George's reign the powers of the monarchy diminished and Britain began a transition to the modern system of cabinet government led by a prime minister. Towards the end of his reign, actual power was held by Sir Robert Walpole, Britain's first de facto prime minister.

George I died on a trip to his native Hanover, where he was buried. He was succeeded by George II, where he would rule Great Britain with an iron fist from St. James's Palace.

Behind the scenes

Apparances

Sources

External links

WP favicon George I of Great Britain on Wikipedia

Notes and references

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